The gallbladder is a very small body organ. But still it may get some serious problems which can be painful and some of them can be life-threatening as well. There are different diseases which can cause a problem in Gallbladder, let’s know about them.
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Gallstones – It is the common Gallbladder problem, which causes a lot of pain in the gallbladder. The gallstones are formed because of the gallbladder not emptying some of the substances, which then become these hard particles. The gallstones vary in size, they can be very small also or can be big also. There can be just one small stone or maybe many stones or maybe just one large stone. It can be known only after the diagnosis. When these gallstones become the blockage for the bile duct, it results in severe pain.
Gallbladder Cancer – This cancer is very rare but is not able to get diagnosed in initial stages. There are no such particular causes behind the gallbladder cancer. The gallbladder cancer can even spread to the liver also, but the chances are very less. The treatment of Gallbladder Cancer is possible, and one should consult with an oncologist to get the treatment.
Gallbladder Rupture – This is another type of gallbladder problem which will cause severe pain. The gallbladder rupture can be because of an accident also, which may burst the gallbladder. The pain caused in gallbladder rupture is unbearable.
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How to diagnose problems related to Gallbladder?
To diagnose the problems related to Gallbladder, one may have to go through the medical exams or tests. Here are some of the tests or medical exams mentioned below, which are used for diagnosing Gallbladder problems.
Blood Tests – Doctor may ask you to get the blood tests done to know whether there is an infection in the gallbladder.
Imaging – To know that what is causing you pain in the gallbladder, and to confirm the disease, the Imaging Tests are done. The imaging tests are of different types. The doctor will suggest which test you have to go through according to the symptoms. The Imaging tests to determine gallbladder problems are:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging – MRI
- Computed Tomography – CT Scan
- Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography – MRCP
- Hepatobiliary iminodiacetic scan – HIDA
Physical Examination – Doctor will also take your physical exam. It will fully focus on your gallbladder, as the doctor may want to check the pain, swelling, inflammation, etc. in your gallbladder.
Medical History – In this, the doctor will question you regarding the pain or other symptoms which you might be feeling. These questions are asked to know and understand the disease in detail.
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Treatment for Gallbladder disease
The major problem of the gallbladder is the gallstones problem. In many cases, the gallstones problem can be treated without much difficulty. As the doctor’s give the prescription of the medicines for the gall bladder stone treatment. These medicines help in dissolving the stones. If the medicines also don’t work, then the gallstones can be removed using the surgery only.
There are two types of surgeries:
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy – In this surgery, the surgeon with the help of small cuts near the gallbladder, passes the camera, light and medical instruments for removing the gallbladder stones. With the help of the camera, the surgeon can view the inside of the gallbladder on the monitor.
Open Cholecystectomy – This is done to remove the gallbladder. So, the surgeon operates and take the gallbladder out.